Sunnahs and Aadaab of Zul Hijjah

Taken from: http://www.darulihsan.com

1. Zul Hijjah is from the four sacred months of the Islamic Calender. The four sacred months are Dhul Qa’dah, Dhul Hijja, Muharram and Rajab. The rewards of any good deed done in these months are multiplied, and the sins committed in these months are also regarded as more serious.

The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year), so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; from among them  four are sacred.

2. One should exert oneself in ibaadat during the first ten days of Zul Hijjah. Great rewards have been mentioned regarding the ibaadat made during these ten days.

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “There is no virtuous deed carried out in any day of the year that can be equal to the reward of (that  virtuous deed) carried out in these ten days of Zul Hijjah”. The Sahabah asked, “Not even Jihaad?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “Not even Jihaad, except for the one who endangers his life and wealth (in Jihad) and does not return with anything (i.e. the Jihad carried out in the ten days of Zul Hijjah is more virtuous than Jihad during the rest of the year except for that Mujaahid who gains martyrdom).

3  One should fast during the first ten days.  By fasting any of the first ten days of Zul Hijjah (besides the tenth), one will get the reward of fasting the entire year.

4. One should endeavour to make as much ibaadat as possible in the first ten nights of Zul Hijjah. Making ibaadat on these nights earns one the reward of making ibaadat on Laylatul Qadr.

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “There are no days in the year wherein the worship of Allah Ta’ala is more beloved to Him than the ten days of Zul Hijjah. The fast during these days (excluding the tenth) is equivalent to the fast of an entire year and standing up in ‘ibaadah during these nights is equivalent to the reward of the night of Qadr (power).”

5. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has mentioned that Paradise becomes waajib for that person who worships Allah Ta’ala on five nights. i.e. The night of Tarwiya ( 8th of Zul Hijjah), the night of Arafah (9th of Zul Hijjah), the night of nahr (10th ofZul Hijjah), the night of Eid ul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan.

Hadhrat Muaadh ibn Jabal (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who enlivens five nights of the year with ibaadat, Jannat becomes compulsory for him. The night of Tarwiya ( 8th of Zul Hijjah), the night of Arafah (9th of Zul Hijjah), the night of nahr (10th of Zul Hijjah), the night of Eid ul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan

6. It is sunnah for one (who is not in the state of ihram) to fast on the day of Arafah i.e. 9th of Zul Hijjah. Apart from receiving the reward of one year’s fast, two years sins will also be forgiven.

Hadhrat Abu Qataadah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that once a Sahaabi asked Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the reward of the person who fasts on the day of Aashurah?” Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “It carries the reward of fasting for an entire year. The Sahaabi then asked: “What is the reward of fasting on the day of Arafah. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “It expiates the (minor) sins of the present year and the previous year.”

7. It is sunnah for those intending Qurbaani not to clip their nails nor trim their hair from the beginning of the month of Zul Hijjah till their qurbaani animal is slaughtered.

Hadhrat Umme Salamah (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever intends making Qurbaani, then he should refrain from cutting his hair and clipping his nails from the time the crescent (of Dhul Hijja) is sighted till he completes his Qurbaani.

8. Takbeer-e-Tashreeq should be recited by both males and females from the Fajr of the 9thof Zul Hijjah till Asr on the 13th of Zul Hijjah. The males will recite it audibly while the females will recite it softly after every Fardh salaah. The Takbeer-e-Tashreeq is as follows:

Image result for takbeer e tashreeq

It is reported from Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) that he would recite the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq from the Fajr salaah on the day of Arafa (9th Zul Hijjah) till the Asr salaah on the last day of Tashreeq (13th Zul Hijjah).

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Valuable Pearls

I found a beautiful message with priceless advises and I would like to share it with you: 

May Allah give us the taufeeq to make practice on these valuable pearls! Aameen. 

Request for du’as. 

Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Desai Sahib imparted to me many priceless gems during the journey. Hereunder are some,

  • Do not disregard any student even if he is weak. The challenge is to educate a weak student.
  • Make dua that Allah Ta’ala take the work of Fatawa from you till your last breath.
  • Your parents have spent a hefty sum on you. They have dreams of what you will become in the future. Do not ever let their dreams be shattered by doing actions which may displease them.
  • Guard yourself at all times against your nafs.
  • Never ridicule a student of Deen.
  • Always show love and respect to your students.
  • Do not pay attention to negative comments about you. Carry on doing your work for the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala.
  • Never disregard your zikr at any point in your life.
  • Never hold any past grudges in your life.
  • Respect to your elders should never be compromised.
  • If wealth is lost nothing is lost. If health is lost, something is lost but if character is lost all is lost.
  • Always take the duas of your elders.
  • Never ever impose your opinion on others.
  • Respect the opinion of others. Do not undermine their academic capabilities.
  • You will always come across people having jealousy and ill feelings and being intimidated by you. Give them a smile and pursue your objective.
  • Don’t focus only Qaabilyyat (academic capabilities). Be concerned about Qubuliyyat (divine acceptance)

Taubah

Someone said that the Taubah of Hadhrat Adam alayhis salaam was accepted because of five things. The Taubah of shaytan was rejected due fo five things. 

The following are the five reasons for the acceptance of Hadhrat Adam alayhis salaam’s Taubah: 

  1. Hadhrat Adam alayhis salaam acknowledged his mistake
  2. He was ashamed of it
  3. He hastened to repent
  4. He condemned his nafs
  5. He never lost hope in the mercy of Allah Ta’ala 

(These five things are necessary for the acceptance of Taubah. May Allah give us the reality of it!) 

The following are the five reasons for the rejection of shaytaan’s Taubah: 

  1. He did not acknowledge his sin (In fact, until the end he said: “I am better than Adam alayhis salaam”) 
  2. He was not ashamed of his action
  3. He did not condemn his nafs
  4. He did not hasten to make Taubah
  5. He lost hope in the mercy of Allah Ta’ala.

Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’an: “…It is He who accepts the repentance of His slaves…”

We should always remember to make dua that Allah gives us sincere repentance before death (Taubatan Nasooha). 
May Allah grant us the reality of Taubah! May Allah grant us sincere repentance before death. 
Aameen! 

TV aka Television (continued)

Hereunder are some sins that a person commits by watching TV and movies:

· Looking at people of the opposite gender without dire necessity and in a way prohibited by Islam. The Quran commands the males and females alike to lower their gazes, and this is not feasible in the case of TV and movies.

· Looking at people who are considered nude in Islam. (Clothed yet naked)

· Listening to music. Music is a great sin in Islam.

· Displaying pictures in the house. According to the hadith, pictures prevent angels of mercy from entering the house. If there are no angels of mercy in the house, the house will be full of devils.

· Watching and listening to immoral people, thereby, creating admiration for them and their ways. The hadith tells us that a person in the life hereafter will be with the ones he loves and admires.

· Watching and listening to things that are forbidden according to Islam, thereby, supporting such forbidden things.

· Wasting time. Time is very precious according to Islam.

· Putting oneself in a state of heedlessness. And because of this heedlessness, many salaats are not offered on time or at all.

· Supporting the list of evils mentioned below that TV and movies promote.

· By letting one’s family watch TV and movies, he invites them to commit all of the evils above and below. Therefore, instead of inviting them to the teachings of Islam, he invites them to the wrath of Allah. Instead of guiding them to paradise, he guides them to the fire of Hell.

Not only are TV and movies evil in themselves, they quite boldly and openly promote evil in all its forms.

The following are some evils that movies and TV promote indiscriminately that can be observed by any unbiased, sensible and honest person:

· Nudity
· Promiscuity
· Intermingling of the genders
· Profanity
· Offensive language
· Taking alcohol and drugs
· Vulgarity
· Vanity and arrogance
· Violence
· Crime
· Greed
· Corruption
· Dishonesty
· Atheism
· Secularism
· Mockery of religion
· Disrespect
· Defiance of authority
· Disobedience of parents, teachers and elders.
· Following ones whims and desires indiscriminately

Please remember that the list above is by no means exhaustive.

The gist of the above is that a Muslim who fears Allah the Almighty and believes in the Day of Judgement and life after death should stay far away from TV and movies. He should, instead, spend his free time in things that please Allah Ta’ala such as listening to lectures of the Ulama (scholars), reading the Quran, hadith and Islamic literature, taking part in ilmi and deeni gatherings, etc.

Also, one should take the warnings contained in the following Quranic verses seriously:
Translation:

O you who believe! enter into Islam fully and do not follow the footsteps of Satan; surely he is your open enemy. (Quran 2:208)

Verily Satan is an enemy to you: so treat him as an enemy. He only invites his adherents that they may become companions of the Blazing Fire. (Quran 35:6)

And let not Satan turn you aside. Lo! he is an open enemy for you. (Quran 43:62)

The reckoning has drawn near to men, and in heedlessness are they turning aside. (Quran 21:1)

O you who believe, save your souls, and those of your families, from the fire whose fuel is men and stones, over which are set angels fierce and terrible; who disobey not Allah in what He has commanded them, but perform what they are commanded. (Quran 66:6)

A poet has pertinently described the evil of letting loose and not controlling ones gaze, and it aptly applies to watching TV and movies:
ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻣﺒﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ … ﻭﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﺼﻐﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺭ
ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺀ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺫﺍ ﻋﻴﻦ ﻳﻘﻠﺒﻬﺎ … ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﺮ
ﻛﻢ ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻓﻌﻠﺖ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻠﺐ ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻬﺎ … ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﻼ ﻗﻮﺱ ﻭﻻ ﻭﺗﺮ
ﻳﺴﺮ ﻧﺎﻇﺮﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺿﺮ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩ … ﻻ ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺎً ﺑﺴﺮﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﺮﺭ
Translation:
All evil occurrences begin with ones glance,
And most fires are caught by (negligence of) those who deem sparks insignificant.
A man remains in danger as long as his eyes scrutinize the eyes of (beautiful) women with large (gorgeous) eyes,
How many a glance has done to the heart the same as what an arrow would do — without any bow or string.
The one glancing is pleased with what harms his inner self.
No thanks to pleasure that brings harm.

And Allah knows best.
Mufti Faizal Riza

Is television allowed?

On television the reflection of living things are portrayed. Regarding this reflection some Ulama are of the opinion that it is an image. In Shari’ah it is not permissible to create images of living things; therefore it won’t be permissible to watch such programmes in which there are reflections of animate objects. By watching these programmes one aids the creation and production of images of animate objects.
In opposition to this some Ulama are of the opinion that the reflection portrayed on the TV. does not fall under the rule of images. Therefore those living things which can be seen in real life may be viewed on TV. There isn’t only one type of channel played on TV nor is there one programme screened continuously, during a programme there’re adverts and many other unlawful things played. Therefore majority of the Ulama are of the opinion that to keep a TV in one’s house and/or to watch TV is not permissible.
And Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Muhammad Ashraf
Darul Iftaa
Jameah Mahmoodiyah
Springs
http://www.mahmoodiyah.org.za

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TV aka Television

Television :
noun
1. a system for converting visual images (with sound) into electrical signals, transmitting them by radio or other means, and displaying them electronically on a screen.
2. a device with a screen for receiving television signals.

We, the Ummah have come to such a point in time where sadly the correct way of living our lives as Muslims is looked down upon. The Sunnah of our beloved Nabi صلي الله عليه و سلم has been trampled upon time and again with a no care atittude. We have become advanced in this dunya but we are not even progressing in Deen. We give importance to things that we’re not supposed to be giving importance to… one of the greatest evils (initiated by shaytan) is the TV. Television, DSTV, whatever you say. People may argue that Islam is being propogated on TV by Islam channels but I say that does the good outweigh the bad? Is there more good on TV than bad?

This is an article which I found on the net and I want to make this very clear; it wasn’t written by any Islamic scholar nor was anything ‘Islamic’ involved.. if this is their view on it, then why are we watching TV? Its not allowed to watch TV, then? It all comes from our deen that it isnt allowed to watch or get involved in such futile activities…

TELIVISION IS BAD FOR YOUR HEALTH

1. Watching television means inactivity, and inactivity has been linked with obesity and heart disease. Do you think it is just a coincidence that in the West, where people are spending enormous amounts of time watching television, obesity and heart diseases in people of all ages are rapidly increasing?
More and more studies are being carried out on the harmful health effects of watching television. A recent research study conducted at the Harvard School of Public Health indicates that watching too much television can significantly increase the risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes. Not surprisingly, another study carried out at the University of Rhode Island found that prolonged television watching decreases viewers’ sense of self-efficacy in maintaining personal health.

2. Television feeds you false information
One of the most harmful effects of watching television is that television appears to portray or report reality. In fact, it just allows us to get a small glimpse of what’s really going on. This particularly happens when watching TV newscasts. When we watch a 30 minutes newscast, we usually believe that what it is showing us is all that there is to see. After all, if there was more to see, wouldn’t television show us more? Unfortunately most people accept whatever television is feeding them, without ever casting a doubt on its truthfulness.
One of the main reasons why we so readily believe what television is showing us is the fact that we prefer ignorance over knowledge because, as the saying goes, “ignorance is bliss.” Searching to know the truth requires effort, and so we prefer to let the evening news do all the search for us. In this way, we don’t need to do anything: no effort, nothing to worry about. We choose the easy way, but by doing so, we also choose to accept a distorted view of reality.

3. Television makes you dumb
Another amazingly harmful effect of watching television is the fact it can hinder our ability to think. Having talking heads continuously giving us quick information, opinion, analysis and criticism for just about everything, allows us to stop using our critical thinking. In this way, we can be easily misinformed and manipulated.
Certainly there are a few programs on TV that are educational and interesting, but the majority of television programs are simply trash. And so we rarely find a program on TV that requires us to think. Television programming is designed in such a way so as to match our attention spam, and that is why almost all programs are 30 to 60 minutes long. In addition, television programs rarely dedicate the entire program to a single topic. Hence, not only cannot television programs provide any decent thought to stimulate discussion, but they present information in such a way that we cannot digest it properly. And so we can easily form opinions without allowing the information to be first filtered through our mind, and while we might think that we become more knowledgeable, in reality we become dumb.

4. Television wastes your time
Life is short, but we choose to spend it watching television. Just think of how many hours of our day we waste watching television. Surveys reveal that people in the Western world spend 5-10 hours a day watching television.
Instead of living our life to the fullest, we sit in front of a dead, though “entertaining” device, which we have chosen as a substitute for true living. Instead of going out to play football, we are so obsessed with watching football games and admiring our favorite sport players, as if they are some kind of heroes. Instead of going to our kitchen and cook a healthy meal, we prefer to sit in the sofa, watching special cooking shows where people are savoring all kinds of delicious food, while we fill our bodies with junk. Instead of going out to meet people, converse and have fun, we choose to confine ourselves within four walls and be all alone, so as to watch with full attention adventure movies, reality shows, and soap operas.

But I am asking you, is this living ? A time will come when your physical and mental energy will be dissipated, and you will come to realize that you have not yet actually lived. But then it will be too late, and you will be filled with resentment.
Now is your chance to live passionately , not passively.

THE ISLAMIC POINT OF VIEW

Watching TV and movies

Watching TV and movies is not permissible according to Islam because TV programmes and movies constitute multiple sins, of which even one would be sufficient to render something impermissible. The heinous effect TV and movies have had globally is as apparent as daylight, and yet those intoxicated by the effects of TV and movies cannot see this. One of the specialities of TV and movies is that it makes even a sensible person deaf, dumb and blind in that he deems permissible and acceptable the evils and sins displayed and promoted by TV and movies that he would normally, without hesitation, declare to be sinful and evil. He lets himself and his family watch and enjoy the evils that he would normally do everything to keep himself and his family away from. Such is the intoxicating effect of TV and movies that it causes all sense of morality and uprightness to go right down the drain. And because of this, families are breaking apart; immorality, lewdness and promiscuity are becoming the order of the day, the youngsters are becoming more disrespectful to their parents and elders, the youngsters and the adults alike are straying further away from the beautiful teachings of Islam and are instead adopting the ways and lifestyle of the immoral people, people are becoming more and more materialistic and are harbouring aversion to religion, and many other heinous acts are taking place that one would feel ashamed to write about. May Allah Ta’ala protect us.

To be continued…

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You might want to check out this post: https://missmuslimah9.wordpress.com/2016/12/22/trusted-islamic-websites-south-africa/