Muharram and Aashoora

Is it okay to fast on the day of Aashura/10th of Muharram only?
It is Mustahab (preferable) to keep the fast of Aashura in the following manner:
*1-* To fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram together
*2-* To fast on the 10th and 11th of Muharram together.
*3-* To fast on the 9th, 10th and 11th of Muharram all together. 
_(Tabyeenul Haqaaiq 1/332)_

It is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi (disliked) to keep fast on the 10th of Muharram (the day of Aashura) only. 
_(Shaami 2/375)_ 
This is to distance oneself from enacting the practice of the Jews who fasted on the 10th of Muharram only.
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
 Spending Freely on One’s Family on the Day of A’shura

Q. What is the Shari’ ruling regarding the following?
1. Exchanging of gifts on the day of Aashura; this has become a common practice in some areas?

2. Family gatherings on this day?

3. To congratulate each other on this day out of happiness, nowadays it has become common to send text messages (SMS etc.)?
A. The Shari’ view regarding the above is as follows:
Firstly it should be understood that those actions that are not considered to be masnoon nor mustahab by people, it would be acceptable to practice those actions on the basis of it being proven from any general text (i.e. Mutlaq Thuboot) of Shariah or it should not contradict any principle of shariah. It is not necessary to have a specific text for its permissibility. There are numerous such examples in Shariah, e.g. using amulets or blowing on someone after reading.
I. Therefore the gifts of Aashura can be given as a token of happiness or love on condition that it’s not considered to be necessary. However, nowadays some people consider it to be necessary, and they look down upon those who don’t exchange gifts, in such cases it’s recommended to abstain from it.
One should remember that giving gifts in itself is encouraged in various Ahaadith:
1) Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg 349, 350, 352, 354.

2) Al Mu’jam ul Awsat Vol.7 Pg. 190

3) As Sunanul Kubra Vol. 6 Pg. 169
2. Generally families get together and have meals on the day of Aashura. To spend generously on ones family on this day is proven from books of Ahaadith and Fiqh, hence for families to gather out of happiness will be permissible on condition that no activities take place which are against Shariah.

However, now and then these types of gatherings should be left out because being generous on ones family can be practised without having family gatherings.


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