✨ *Advices for the Month of Ramadhan*✨
_*By Moulana Abdul Hamid Saheb Daamat Barkaatuhum*_
🔸The objective of Ramdaan
The Ulema have written extensively on the purpose of the month of Ramdhaan but the Quraan Sharif has defined the object and purpose of the month of Ramdhaan. In the Quraan Sharif Allah swt states that fasting has been prescribed upon you as it was prescribed upon those prior to you so that you may acquire Taqwa. This is the main object of the month of Ramdaan for one and all whether we are in the Khanqah, out in the path of Allah (i.e. in Jamaat), gone for Umrah or even we are spending the month at home.
What is Taqwa? It is that strength that enables a person to abstain from sin. From this we also understand that the desire of sin within a human being is natural. Allah Ta’ala says in the Quraan Sharif,
فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا
(He) then inspired it (the soul all that entails) evil and (all that entails) piety.
Every car has an accelerator and a brake. One should accelerate when it is safe to do but he must be able to apply brake when the need be. Similarly, we should be able to control our eyes, anger, etc. when required to do so. If our breaks are failing, or we do not use them when required, then we could face great danger, and get involved in a terrible accident. The harms caused by spiritual accidents are worse than the harms caused by worldly accidents. This is what we are required to acquire in the month of Ramdhaan, and Insha’Allah it will be acquired if we spend the month of Ramdhaan correctly and fast fulfilling all the necessary requirements.
For the validity of one’s fast, one is required to abstain from eating, drinking and fulfilling one’s lust and desires. This is regarded as the basic structure of fasting. However, in order to acquire Taqwa, together with the basic fast one has to keep Saum (fasting) of the following,
1. Saum of the eyes (i.e. a person abstains from looking at all forms of Haraam)
2. Saum of the tongue (i.e. one does not speak any Haraam such as lying, swearing, backbiting using vulgar language, etc.)
3. Saum of the ears (it is Haraam to listen to those things that are Haraam to speak).For example, Just as it is Haraam to backbite, it is Haraam to listen to Ghibat as well.
4. Saum of our thoughts (i.e. we should abstain from Haraam thoughts of the heart and mind whether it pertains to fantasising about women, men or entertaining evil thoughts of other people by looking down upon them, or entertaining jealousy on the things which Allah Ta’ala has bestowed others with).
5. Saum of the hands and legs (i.e. we should not use them in Haraam or even in doubtful things, by going or even driving to Haraam places).
6. Saum of one’s food (i.e. ensure that our food is Halaal, healthy and wholesome). The food should not be doubtful (i.e. is it Halaal or not?).
7. Finally, after the month of Ramdhaan one should not have a “holier than thou attitude” (i.e. we think to ourselves that we have spent our Ramdhaan correctly and look down upon others). A person that has a holier than thou attitude or is boastful over his achievements in Ramdaan washes away all his Ibaadat.
After keeping a perfect Saum (fast), spending our time correctly in recitation of Quraan, Zikrullah, Dua, performing Taraweeh, giving charity, etc. we should check at the end of Ramdaan whether we have acquired Taqwa or not? Has the level of Taqwa improved after the month of Ramdaan or not? May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Taufeeq of spending our Ramdaan correctly and acquiring such Taqwa that will keep us away from the disobedience of Allah at all stages in our life. Ameen!
Please note, due to the nature of this document, I wish to remain anonymous.
May Allah Ta’aala save me from pride and fame in this world.
*السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُُ*
The intention of sharing my ramadaan practise is solely and only to inspire people to make the most of this holy month, to spend this month in ibaadah to the maximum. May Allah keep me sincere,aameen.
Before the ramadaan in 1993, I was reading up on the holy month to familiarise myself with it and to prepare myself spiritually. I was reading the virtues of Ramadaan and I came across the statement of Hazrat Sheikh Zakariyya R.A., where he mentioned that in his home were quite a few women and during the month of Ramadaan, his granny used to to read 40 paras a day. That was 40 quraan in in 30 days. Subhaanallah, I was simply amazed and in awe of such a noble and seemingly impossible deed.
Remember that this did not take place during the time of OUR BELOVED Prophet Muhammad [sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam], but during the time of my great grandmother or grandmother’s time. Yes, between 60 to 90 years ago, I’m not too sure, but it was in the recent past.
I asked myself what stops us from doing so? Why do I feel 4-7 quraan khatams I make every year is sufficient? I also read up on the virtues of ishraaq and salaatud duha. When the ramadaan of 2003 commenced, after sehri, I would read tahajjud, then read quraan after that until fajr, then read quraan until ishraaq. After ishraaq, I slept for an hour then I was up again. I used to read quraan all the time in between my saalah and cooking and daily household chores. I would not be idle for even a few minutes but after zuhr I used to rest for about half an hour in the name of qailulah.
Lo and behold, before I went to sleep that night, I completed one quraan!
If the first day I had such an achievement, I could do so everyday. It was a race against time. If I wasted an hour, I had to spend extra time to catch up. I also attended the local taalim once a week and a good 2 hours used to go. I would not sleep until I caught up. I was sleep deprived as well but I was getting a sweetness out of this. It also brought me to the realisation of the hadith regarding the ibaadah one did in one’s youth. I was 20 years old and single and I was running a home. My parents were at work daily so I had to see to the chores at home.
All praise to Allah, I completed 25 quraan that ramadaan. Allah has made it possible for me every ramadaan to read at least 15 to 18 quraan every year. Now I’m a mother of three, my latest being 3 months old. I’m no more reading so much with these added responsibilities and sometimes no maid or part time assistant. But I still read plus minus 10 quraan. Allah keep me strong and free from pride.
My sister used to teach teenage girls at home. I never wanted anyone to know about this, but my sister told her students to make them aware that to read lots of quraan is possible. Don’t be satisfied with reading just one. Slowly it began to spread around. People know me as the one who reads a quraan a day. Allah makes it possible , with effort from our side, aameen.
Then we have the critics. Some say you read so much you will go off your head. Some said I shouldn’t be finishing a quraan in under three days.
I used to read the virtues of quraan and in there its stated that sometimes Sayidina Uthman radhiyAllahu anhu Used to recite one quraan in a single rakaah of his witr salaah. In the same way, Abdullah bin Zubair radhiyAllahu anhua used to recite the whole quraan in a single night. Saeed ibn Jubair radhiyAllahu anhu read out the whole quraan in two rakaah salaah inside the kaaba. Thaabit Banaani ra used to recite the whole quraan in one day and night.
Our ancestors in deen differed from one another in their practise of reciting the the entire quraan. Some of them completed one khatam daily as was the practice of imam Shaafi rahimahullah in months other then the month of ramadaan who read 2 khatams a day in ramadaan. Its stated that imam Abu Hanifa rahimahullah used to complete 61 khatams in the month of ramadaan, one in taraweeh and daily one khatam and nightly a khatam as well.
To recite a quraan a day takes a lot out of us as our time has no barakah, we are weak in imaan but its something possible. I also did this because I have an extreme love for the quraan. May Allah Ta’aala accept my sincerity and make us excel in such noble deeds. May this inspire people to make as much salaah and tilaawah as possible in this holy month. Our freezers and accumulated savouries does make it possible. But we have to be at home and not driving around and doing shopping at all to achieve this in the month of ramadaan. If any one endeavours to do so, please donot neglect your spouse and children in this case. I do not read so much now as I have a family with 3 small kids and do what I can within my ability and capacity.
Firstly I need to say all this is due to my parents sending us to madressa from 3 years of age, Allhamdulillah im very fluent in quraan recitation with tajweed. If it wasn’t for my parents who encouraged us in matters and importance of deen, I doubt I woudve ever been making efforts in striving to do good deeds. I may not seem prosperous in terms of this world as I have no worldly degrees but inshallah, I sincerely hope the little I do will be my ticket to jannah. May ﷲ͜عَزَّوَجَــــل grant my parents the best of both the worlds as I cannot in anyway repay them for what they have done for me in terms of my deen and dunya. The least I do in ramadaan for my parents is the first quraan khatam I make goes to my father, then my mother who also reads a lot of quraan although she has to still go to work 8-5 daily. May Allah grant my parents long life blessed with good health and khaatima on imaan, aameen.
May ﷲ͜عَزَّوَجَــــل make all this recitation a means of my companion in the qabr and a noor for me on the day of Qiyaamah.
🍁̶«̶ آمـــــين يَارَبَّ الْعَــــالَمِينْ «̶🍁
*SISTER IN ISLAAM*
An Ustaadh of mines advised us saying that don’t read Qur’aan when you have time, make time to read Qur’aan. She further went on to say that in her young days, many would complete Qur’aan khatams within 3 days. She says that it is very possible to read upto 15 paras a day. I myself calculated this: It takes maximum 40 minutes for a non hafidh to recite a para. There are 24 hours in a day. Take away 10 hours and we have 14. In 14 hours, it is very possible to recite many paras. Let us make an intention to recite many khatams in the month of Ramadhaan. Ofcourse we cannot reach the level of piety of the household of Sheikh Zakariyya rahmatullah alayhi. The women of his house would finish Khatams daily. SubhanAllah.
Before Iftaar instead of spending your time in preparing incessantly for the awaited meal, I would suggest you listen to Moulana abdulHamid saheb’s daily bayaan about half an hour before iftaar. It is very beneficial. Here’s the link to audio streaming: https://ka.org.za/
And Allah Ta’ala says I am the reward for the one who fasts or I will reward the fasting person Myself.
May Allah grant us taqwa in this month, make us closer to Him, May Allah accept our ibaadat and grant us His recognition!