The meaning of Qiblah is direction.
It is obvious that a believer faces Allah alone in every worship of his and Allah is not confined to a certain direction so this would mean that a person can face any direction when making Ibaadah because Allah is everywhere, but due to another reason, Allah fixed a direction because there are different forms of worship. Some are carried out individually like Dhikr, Fasting etc, and others collectively like Salaah and Hajj.
So in these Allah shows us the etiquettes of living together.
It is quite obvious that one of the most basic principals when doing things collectively is to have unity. The stronger the unity, the more firm that group will be.
Every nation united on different points, some because of lineage, others because of locality, but when it comes to the Deen of Allah, Allah unites people on the same belief meaning all those that believe in the Oneness of Allah are regarded as people of the same Deen and this forms a group of their own. In order to show this unity, one important aspect was the Qiblah that although Allah is in every direction but in order to create that unity in Salaah, all the Muslims around the world when performing Salaah are commanded to face the same direction.
This is the easiest way of creating unity.
If it was left for man to decided the direction, it would have led to many disputes, that’s why Allah Himself fixed the direction.
Abdullah bin Mas’ood رضي الله عنه narrates: “The Messenger of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم used to pass his blessed hands over our shoulders (to straighten the rows) in Salaah. He used to say: “Straighten the rows and do not stand unevenly or else your hearts will become disunited. People of intelligence should stand near me. Then those who are after them, then those who are after them.” [Muslim]
Nu’man bin Bashir رضي الله عنه narrates: I heard the Messenger of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم saying: “You should straighten your rows or Allah will cause disagreements between you.”
A narration of Muslim Shareef has: The Messenger of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم used to straighten our rows to such an extent that it was as if spears could be straightened by them. This continued until he saw that we understood it. Then, one day, he came, stood up for Salaah and was about to start the Takbir when he saw a person’s chest protruding from the row. He said: “O servants of Allah, you should straighten yohr rows or Allah wil cause disagreements between you.” [Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Ahmed]
The Arabs regarded it as an art to make their spears and arrows perfectly straight, hence it became proverbial among them to compare the straightening of an object with that of a spear or arrow. The Hadith therefore, emphasises the extent to which the rows of Salaah were straightened.
Imam Nawawi رحمه الله stated that the Hadith means that uneven rows lead to enmity, hatred and disunity because uneven rows are a reflection of external disunity, and this in turn leads to internal disunity. Scholars further state that uneven rows given rise to evils and tribulations, disunity in word and purpose, and deterioration of the grandeur of Islam and Muslims, resulting in their enemies gaining ascendency over them.
May Allah increase the unity amongst the Muslims.
Request for Du’aas.